Greenland Sea ecoregion – Ecosystem overview
The Greenland Sea ecoregion follows the Greenland Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) definition and comprises the continental shelf waters and offshore areas. The Denmark Strait between Iceland and Greenland separates the ecoregion into a northern and southern subregion that differ with respect to ice coverage, influence of polar and Atlantic waters, and anthropogenic activity. The ecoregion borders five other ecoregions (Oceanic Northeast Atlantic, Icelandic Waters, Norwegian Sea, Barents Sea, and Arctic Ocean) and also the West Greenland waters (Figure 1).
• The northern subregion: This subregion is characterized by cold and fresh polar waters, a broad continental shelf, year-round sea ice, and little anthropogenic activity.
• The southern subregion: This subregion is characterized by warmer and more saline waters, a narrow continental shelf, seasonal drift ice, and activities of demersal and pelagic fisheries.
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