The North Atlantic region is unusual in having a relatively large number of locations at which oceanographic data have been collected repeatedly for many years or decades; the longest records go back more than a century. In this report, we provide the very latest information from the ICES Area of the North Atlantic and Nordic seas, where the ocean is currently measured regularly. We describe the status of sea temperature and salinity during 2011, as well as the observed trends over the past decade or longer. In the first part of the report, we draw together the information from the longest time-series in order to give the best possible overview of changes in the ICES Area. Throughout the report, additional complementary datasets are provided, such as sea level pressure, air temperature,and ice cover.
Published under the auspices of the following ICES Steering Group or Committee
Published under the auspices of the following ICES Expert Group or Strategic InitiativeWGOH
SeriesICES Cooperative Research Reports (CRR)
Contributors (Editors)Stephen R. Dye; Glenn D. Nolan; Agnieszka Beszczynska-Möller
Contributors (Authors)Agnieszka Beszczynska-Möller ; Boris Cisewski; Cesar Pola ; David Hebert ; Eugene Colbourne ; Gereon Budeus ; Glenn Nolan ; Hedinn Valdimarsson ; Hendrik M. van Aken ; Igor Yashayaev ; Jon Albretsen ; Karen Wiltshire ; Karin Borenas ; Karin Margretha H. Larsen ; Kjell Arne Mork ; N. Penny Holliday ; Oleg V. Titov ; Pascal Morin ; Paula Fratantoni ; Pekka Alenius ; Peter Loewe ; Randi Ingvaldsen ; Sarah Hughes ; Sheena Fennell ; Solfrid Hjollo ; Stephen Dye ; Svein Østerhus ; Tim J. Smyth ; Victor Valencia ; Waldemar Walczowski
Recommended citationStephen R. Dye; Glenn D. Nolan; and Agnieszka Beszczynska-Möller (Ed.). 2012. ICES Report on Ocean Climate 2011 . ICES Cooperative Research Report, Vol. 314. 79 pp. https://doi.org/10.17895/ices.pub.5134