International Council for the Exploration of the Sea
CRR321.pdf (18.26 MB)

ICES Report on Ocean Climate 2012

Download (18.26 MB)
posted on 2023-07-18, 09:01 authored by Agnieska Beszczynska-Moller, Stephen R. Dye

The North Atlantic region is unusual in having a relatively large number of locations at which oceanographic data have been collected repeatedly for many years or decades; the longest records go back more than a century. In this report, we provide the very latest information from the ICES Area of the North Atlantic and Nordic seas, where the ocean is currently measured regularly. We describe the status of sea temperature and salinity during 2012 as well as observed trends over a minimum of the past decade. In the first section of the report, we draw together the information from the longest time-series in order to give the best possible overview of changes in the ICES Area. Throughout the report, additional complementary datasets are provided, such as sea level pressure, air temperature, and ice cover.


Published under the auspices of the following ICES Steering Group or Committee


Published under the auspices of the following ICES Expert Group or Strategic Initiative



ICES Cooperative Research Reports (CRR)



Contributors (Editors)

Agnieszka Beszczynska-Möller; Stephen R. Dye

Contributors (Authors)

Boris Cisewski; David Hebert; Eugene Colbourne; Igor Yashayaev; Paula Fratantoni; Hedinn Valdimarsson; Victor Valencia; Cesar Pola; Pascal Morin; Tim J. Smyth; Glenn Nolan; Sheena Fennell; N. Penny Holliday; Hendrik M. van Aken; Karin M. H. Larsen; Sarah Hughes; Jon Albretsen; Solfrid Hjollo; Sarah Hughes; Karen Wiltshire; Stephen Dye; Peter Loewe; Karin Borenas; Pekka Alenius; Kjell Arne Mork; Svein Østerhus; Randi Ingvaldsen; Oleg V. Titov; Waldemar Walczowski; Gereon Budeus





Recommended citation

Beszczynska-Möller, A., and Dye, S. R. (Ed.). 2013. ICES Report on Ocean Climate 2012 . ICES Cooperative Research Report, Vol. 321. 74 pp.