International Council for the Exploration of the Sea
CRR339.pdf (37.12 MB)

ICES Report on Ocean Climate 2016

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posted on 2023-07-18, 06:15 authored by Cesar Gonzalez-Pola, Karin M. H. Larsen, Paula Fratantoni, Agnieska Beszczynska-Möller, Sarah L. Hughes

Long time-series of ocean properties are rare in the surfaceocean and even rarer in the deep ocean. The NorthAtlantic region is unusual in having a relatively largenumber of locations at which oceanographic data havebeen collected repeatedly for many years or decades; the longest records go back more than a century.

These valuable data are collated in ICES Report on Ocean Climate (IROC) to provide the very latest information from ICES areas of the North Atlantic and Nordic seas. At locations where the ocean is regularly measured, sea temperature and salinity status are described for 2016. Observed trends over the past decade, and longer where possible, are also included.


Published under the auspices of the following ICES Steering Group or Committee


Published under the auspices of the following ICES Expert Group or Strategic Initiative



ICES Cooperative Research Reports (CRR)



Contributors (Editors)

Cesar González-Pola; Karin M. H. Larsen; Paula Fratantoni; Agnieska Beszczynzka-Möller; Sarah L. Hughes

Contributors (Authors)

Almudena Fontán; Barbara Berx; Boris Cisewski; Caroline Cusack; César González-Pola; David Hebert; Gereon Budeus; Hedinn Valdimarsson; Igor Yashayaev; Johanna Linders; Jon Albretsen; Karen Wiltshire; Karin Margretha H. Larsen; Kjell Arne Mork; Laura de Steur; N. Penny Holliday; Oleg V. Titov; Pascal Morin; Paula Fratantoni; Pedro Vélez-Belchí; Pekka Alenius; Randi Ingvaldsen; Ricardo F. Sánchez-Leal; Sarah Hughes; Solfrid Hjollo; Stephen Dye; Svein Østerhus; Tim J. Smyth; Waldemar Walczowski; Wilken-Jon von Appen





Recommended citation

González-Pola, C., Larsen, K. M. H., Fratantoni, P., Beszczynska-Möller, A., and Hughes, S. L. (Eds). 2018. ICES Report on Ocean Climate 2016. ICES Cooperative Research Report No. 339. 110 pp.