International Council for the Exploration of the Sea
CRR347.pdf (2.44 MB)

Moving towards integrated ecosystem monitoring

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posted on 2023-07-18, 05:36 authored by Ingeborg de Boois

Monitoring at sea has taken place for a long time. Over time, management requirements have changed, and focus has shifted from “studying one specific topic”, such as hydrography, chlorophyll, or fish species, to a wider ecosystem scope. Technological developments and improved insights on ecosystem functioning provide the opportunity to re-evaluate current marine monitoring strategies. This report provides guidance on the development of ecosystem monitoring, defined here as “the monitoring of one or more components of the ecosystem”. The guidance is developed under the umbrella of the ICES Working Group on Integrating Surveys for the Ecosystem Approach (WGISUR). This report is focused around platform-based approaches, usually research vessels. It is influenced by the framework for ICES coordinated surveys, which use national efforts to collect information on fish abundance, diversity, and distribution. However, it is set up in such a manner that the general concepts can be useful for integrating other marine monitoring. The report describes how moving towards ecosystem monitoring can take place through three different approaches: a) starting ecosystem monitoring from the very beginning; b) redesigning existing monitoring by combining new objectives with existing objectives; or c) adding data collection to existing monitoring without changing the design.


Published under the auspices of the following ICES Steering Group or Committee

  • EOSG

Published under the auspices of the following ICES Expert Group or Strategic Initiative



ICES Cooperative Research Reports (CRR)



Contributors (Editors)

Ingeborg de Boois

Contributors (Authors)

Maria Manuel Angélico; Donald Clark; Elena Eriksen; Brian Harley; Lawrence Hufnagle; Geir Odd Johansen; Sven Kupschus; Jacques Massé; Kelle Moreau; Ana Moreno; Dave Reid; Anne Sell; Verena Trenkel; Jens Ulleweit; Kai Wieland

Series Editor/s

Emory D. Anderson





Recommended citation

de Boois; I. (Ed.). 2019. Moving towards integrated ecosystem monitoring . ICES Cooperative Research Report, Vol. 347. 44 pp.