Report of the Study Group on ecosystem effects of fishing activities
Ecosystem changes may be described and quantified in a variety of ways. In this report, the Study Group has focused on describing changes in the abundance of individual species. However, it is recognized that for benthos, in particular, the practical problems involved in describing changes at the population level are large, due to the numerous species. In some cases, community properties have, therefore, been considered.
Published under the auspices of the following ICES Steering Group or Committee
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