International Council for the Exploration of the Sea
SGHIST10.pdf (1.53 MB)
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Report of the Study Group on the History of Fish and Fisheries (SGHIST)

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posted on 2010-01-01, 00:00 authored by ICESICES
Most marine ecosystems have been exploited for many decades, centuries, or even millennia. Industrialised fisheries have developed during different decades in differ-ent parts of the world, and within much of the ICES region, date back to at least the 19th Century. Before that, many European countries already had large-scale fisheries, driven by either wind- or manpower, using a wide range of fishing techniques, and expanding or contracting as a result of natural stock fluctuations or from early signs of over-exploitation. However, detailed information collected specifically to deter-mine fish population sizes only exists for recent decades, and the time-series of most fish stock assessments worldwide are less than 30 years long. Still, information on the ‘virgin’ state of ecosystems (or at least on a state approaching this) is considered highly relevant to assess the current status of exploited marine ecosystems and to provide reference points for management.


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