International Council for the Exploration of the Sea
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Study Group on Multispecies Assessment in the Baltic (SGMAB)

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posted on 2003-01-01, 00:00 authored by ICESICES
In the Baltic Sea, the interacting fish community in the open sea is dominated by three species namely cod, herring, and sprat. The abundance of cod stock in the Main Basin is currently low, herring stocks are decreasing, and the sprat stock is at high level. The effect of cod on prey species (herring and sprat) is now low level. Multispecies interactions are present and they will become important, when predator population recovers. While cod biomass is low, there is the potential for herring and sprat to have an adverse effect on cod recruitment, through consumption of eggs and larvae. The multispecies interactions in the Baltic are rather clear and strong, Thus it is relative easy to demonstrate how species interactions effect our assessments of the state of the stocks and our perception of the interactions.


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